Peptic Ulcers & Gastritis

Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum).

Peptic ulcers include:

  • Stomach ulcers – Occurs in the inside of the stomach.
  • Duodenal ulcers – Occurs on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestion (duodenum).

Stomach ulcers occurs when the thick layer of mucus that protects your stomach from digestive juices is reduced. This allows the digestive acids to eat away at the tissues that line the stomach, causing an ulcer. The most common causes of peptic ulcers are infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) or regular use of certain pain relievers etc.

Gastritis is the inflammation of the lining of stomach. The inflammation is most often the result of infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcer, H.pyloris. Gastritis can also  be caused by irritation due to excessive alcohol use, stress, bile reflux, or the use of certain medications.

Symptoms of Peptic Ulcers & Gastritis

  • Burning stomach pain.
  • Feeling of fullness, bloating or belching.
  • Intolerant to fatty foods.
  • Burping or acid reflux.
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea or recurrent upset stomach.
  • Weight loss & loss of appetite.
  • Hiccups
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Vomiting blood.
  • Indigestion
  • A feeling of fullness in your upper abdomen particularly after eating.

Diet & Nutrition for Ulcers & Gastritis

A diet for ulcers and gastritis is a meal plan that limits foods that irritate your stomach. Certain foods may worsen symptoms such as stomach pain, bloating, heartburn or indigestion. An ulcer diet works by helping to promote healing, avoiding irritation to the lining of your stomach or duodenum, and limiting excess acid production.


  • Eat small, frequent meals. Your stomach may tolerate small, frequent meals better than large meals. Try to eat 5 to 6 small meals each day, rather than three large ones. Stomach acid is produced every time you eat, but large meals require much more of it for digestion, which can be irritating.
  • Finish up eating at least 2 to 3 hours before bedtime and try to stay upright for a few hours after your last bite for improved digestion and less acid reflux.
  • Be gentle on your system while your ulcer is healing by chewing your food well and eating slowly.



Fruits, vegetables, legumes, lean meat (poultry, lean beef), fish & seafood, eggs, fermented dairy foods (yogurt & cheese), olive oil, whole & cracked grains (whole wheat breads, oats, millet or sorghum, pasta & brown rice), green tea, fat free or low-fat dairy products. A healthy meal plan is low in unhealthy fats, salt and added sugar. Healthy fats include olive oil & canola oil.

Foods to avoid

Alcohol, coffee (regular, decaf), caffeinated foods & drinks, milk or cream, fatty meats, fried foods or high fat foods, heavily spiced foods, salty foods, citrus fruits & juices, tomatoes/tomato products, chocolate, green & black tea.